Deciphering the fresh Saukele: The conventional Headdress out of Kazakh Brides

Today I will mention by far the most variety of antique Kazakh gowns: the new headdress out-of a bride-to-be, named a beneficial saukele.

Inga STASEVICH, Older Researcher during the Peter the great Museum out-of Anthropology and you will Ethnography (the Kunstkamera). Their particular specialitzation comes with ethnography away from peoples away from Main Asia, study of traditional point and you can religious culture, regional details of Central Far-eastern Islam, gender areas of culture, and you may modern ethnic procedure, in particular forms of antique culture type nowadays.

This new video clips procedure might have been produced by Doroga Ludei, (“The way of those”), a project that combines several documentaries and you may films lectures on the scholars and you can specialists in the realm of background, philology, books and you will beliefs. The project are predicated on the issues of one’s reputation of this new Central Asian region.

The wedding dress try always crucial, while the good girl needed to be securely dressed when making their particular parents’ house on domestic regarding their own coming partner. To the marriage, a girl needed to don every jewelry you to she had, since the each piece from accessories got a unique a symbol definition. So that the saukele alone had of many implicit mythological icons, plus my chat I do want to understand the field of these mythological icons and exactly how they fit to your Kazakh culture.

Exactly as all of the society is unique, thus also is their objects off pretty and used artwork, oral and group artwork, and unique heritage and you will traditions. Now we’ll discuss antique Kazakh people, and we’ll turn-to more product of traditional Kazakh people: the fresh saukele, the headdress off a Kazakh bride to be. We’ll discuss facts connected with its roots and try so you’re able to ‘read’ that it goods.

How much does it suggest to read something?

We’re going to make an effort to discover this new hidden signs utilized in conventional Kazakh mythology, and we will just be sure to look into the strange arena of mythological photo.

About southern saukele, its fabric decor issues was indeed much more visible

The brand new saukele was a richly decorated headdress, and it was not reasonable for everybody. In the long run of one’s 19 th and you can start of 20th century, this may pricing as much as 5000 silver rubles. Good saukele had to be purchased before the wedding, usually you to definitely or one-and-a-half age previous-adopting the dating (engagement) had been finished and girl had become a bride prepared to possess a wedding. During that time, her family perform acquisition good saukele from the jeweler.

There are not any several the same saukele. For every jeweler adorned and you can decorated which headpiece in their own personal method. Certain saukeles enjoys region-particular characteristics, very, as an instance, an american Kazakh saukele are well-known from the huge, usually anthropomorphic steel linings in the main part of the headpiece. However, saukeles usually had universal components of design and you can ple, the fresh cone-such as for instance, higher shape of this new headdress was a hallmark of section in addition to hats you will reach a peak from 70 centimeters. They were usually produced from light experienced because are thought a some good and you can expensive matter, in addition to experienced is actually sheathed above with other textiles such as the content, velvet, or cotton, however, constantly reddish in colour. Why red? The new red colorization has been symbolic of fertility; it is an indication of a woman during the height off their fertile age, plus it represents a need to of a lot people to have an early bride.

Into the for every saukele, you will find an effective around three-lobed quilted limit, comparable in form on the liner less than a helmet, and that we shall establish a tiny after. An enthusiastic embroidered strip trailing brand new saukele can often be somewhat much time and richly adorned. Certain boffins believe that it remove are a nakosnik, an excellent triangular decoration strung to your stop of one’s braid. It’s true you to, for the ancient times (while the saukele contours their background back into some ancient times), women must cover-up their hair when they got hitched, making sure zero complete stranger often see it. Unmarried girls and you may female you may walking through its tresses reduce or that have braids, but shortly after relationships, that they had to hide they. So as time passes, this new nakosnik-hence secure the latest braid trailing the new saukele-has-been an enthusiastic stitched strip, otherwise a bogus nakosnik. With the both sides of saukele, you’ll find surprisingly luxuriously adorned necklaces titled jahtau. It usually were dear stones and you can beads for example coral, pearls, and you will glass. At the rear of brand new saukele we see a garment titled an effective jelek. This really is a beneficial veil which takes care of brand new arms of one’s bride, and often their own face.

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